How do archaeologists infer the life and culture of prehistoric settlers from tiny, fragmented pieces of relics?
Observation of the soil strata and cultural layers enables archaeologists to figure out the chronological order of a site. Recognition of the planar features can be used to reconstruct the configuration of sites. Analysis of the remains of animals and plants provides information on the natural environment at that time. Examination of artifacts made from ceramic, stone, metal, and glass reveals the craftsmanship and trading network of prehistoric settlers. Studies on the burial style reveal the information on physical constitution, food habits, diseases, customs, and so on of prehistoric settlers.
Archeological research distinguishes itself from historical study by applying modern analytical technologies to research on the excavated relics. At Exhibition Hall 3, visitors will discover the technologies used in archaeology research and results obtained through archaeological studies by looking at boundary walls and features brought back from sites, animal bones, plant seeds, facial reconstruction of ancient human skeletons, and so on.